Restoration Tips & Notes Working with audio media (mostly tape) restoration

2006-03-14

Transfer level settings

Filed under: archival practices,levels — Richard L. Hess @ 13:29

Audio levels (and their cousin loudness) has been an ongoing area of confusion and annoyances from the 1930s on. Adding digital to the mix has done little to simplify the situation.

Here we discuss some of the background and the relationship between the VU Meter, the Peak Programme Meter, and digital meters reference to 0 dBFS (Full Scale). (more…)

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